The Mezquita of Córdoba
Consorcio de Turismo de Córdoba, La Mezquita de CórdobaIn 929 DC, Abd-al-Rahman III, of the Umayyad dynasty, the family of the Prophet Mohammed, proclaimed himself Caliph of Cordoba, declaring independence from the rest of the Islamic empire. Al-Andalus became the primary Muslim power in the Western Mediterranean, and the Mezquita, or Mosque, became the most important in the entire West.
It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 and is the best-preserved building from its period. It increased in both size and beauty as the city gained more political and social importance, and was even spared during the Christian Reconquest. It was converted into a Christian cathedral in 1238, and its Byzantine mosaics and the extraordinary system of two-tone horseshoe-shaped arches underwent several expansions, emulating both Renaissance and Baroque styles.